Cultural Tour in Phnom Penh

  • 02-Feb-2017
  • 1988
Cultural Tour in Phnom Penh

PHNOM PENH, The capital city

The capital city Phnom Penh has been the capital of Cambodia for 567 years. It was renowned as the Paris of the orient by the outside world during the 1960s due to its charm and glorious architecture. Located on the west bank of Chatomuk River, Risht in the conjunction of the upper Mekong, Tonle Sap river, which reverses its current twice yearly, Phom Penh remains attractive to visitors from countries around the world. It serves as the center of economy, culture, politics and society of Cambodia.

This bustling Asian city is populated by approximately 1.5 million inhabitants. Without skyscrapers to disturb its scale, Phnom Penh is renowned for its traditional Khmer and French colonial architecture, colorful clay-tile roofs, its Royal Palace, pagodas, monuments and the fascinating river front, Phnom Penh is a unique, exciting and pleasurable destination. Since the city Government has implement numerous beautification projects, the number of visitors has increased every year.

Wat Phnom

Is where Phnom Penh begun. A famous laywoman called Daun Penh built a small Wat on top of a hill (the hill also built by her) to house the sacred Buddha statues that were found inside the trunk-hole of a floating Koki (teak) tree. The teak was used to build the delightful little temple to store these religious relics.

The name referred to the founder of this place and it was originally called Phnom Daun Penh, and was later shortened to Phnom Penh. Behind the pagoda is a huge ancient stupa(tomb) that contains King Ponhea yat's ashes (the king who abandoned the Angkor City in 1431 AD).

Visitors should not leave the site without visiting a memorial that recalls the returning of these territories during the World War II. This memorial is located on the South side at the foot of the hill. The hill is generally covered and surrounded by the tropical trees that represent the various kinds found throughout the country. These have become home to many monkeys and birds. Ask your guide to point out the hundreds of large flying-faxes (bats) hanging from the branches of the trees.

Royal Palace, and Silver Pagoda

The Royal palace was built in 1866 during the region of King Norodom, great grandfather of our current King Norodom Sihanouk. There are many Prasats inside the palace that have their own special functions relating to royal and other official ceremonies. The construction of the temples within the compound was inspired by traditional Khmer architecture of this civilization. The surrounding wall has five doors.


Two on the east entrance and each from the other three directions, implementing on ancient rule of palace construction also seen at Angkor Thom City which was built during the Angkor period. The beautiful building next door and to the south of the Royal Palace, is The Temple of the Emerald Buddha, known to the English as the Silver Pagoda, due to the tiles that cover the floor which are made of pure silver. A total of 5,329 silver tiles, weighting 1,125 kilograms each adorn the floor of this structure. The temple does not serve as a Buddhist Monastery, but is primarily used to display the national treasure, most of which are gifts from the Royal Family and souvenirs from various countries that were once presented as gifts to the king of Cambodia. There are a number of mostly Cambodian treasures on display and the entire building is surrounded by the high galleries that are covered by tile-roofs. On the wall of the galleries there are mural paintings illustrating the Ramayana legend from the beginning to the end. This painting was done around 1903-1904 by famous Khmer artists.

Independence Monument

A single tower of Angkorian style, standing on the heart of the capital. The independence from France on the 9th November 1953. It from all other structures in the city. The independence Monument's nighttime lighting gives it a magical aura that is striking to see and is worth photographing.

National Museum

Built in 1920, today this museum stores and displays more than 5,000 Khmer art objects conserved from Angkor era and post- Angkorian art produced until the late colonial era. The artifacts are made of sandstone, bronze, silver, copper, wood, pottery and other art materials. Beside this purpose, the museum is also home to more than two million tomb bats living between the roof and the ceiling. They swarm into the sky startling those unfamiliar as its looks exactly like smoke from a steel factory.


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